The Queen of the Tearling

The Queen of the Tearling by Erika Johansen

publication date: 2014
pages: 434
ISBN: 978-0-06-229036-6

The Queen of the Tearling is another addition to the extensive catalog of fantasy novels. The book followed Kelsea Glynn, as she was taken from her home at eighteen by a cadre of soldiers and forced into the role of queen of the kingdom.

The book differed somewhat from your average fantasy novel. First of all, it was written by a woman. Additionally, the main character was a woman, and an unattractive one, at that. Also, the setting wasn’t just some faraway land; instead, Johansen dropped tantalizing hints about the time period and location of the story – indicating the story might be set in Earth in the future.

These differences were welcome, although they didn’t raise the book above an average fantasy novel for me. Things that made the book different from other fantasy novels – a not pretty female protagonist, a futuristic setting – have all been extensively used in other genres and were, therefore, not that extraordinary.

Additionally, parts of the book were a little bizarre. Kelsea was always saying weird things at inopportune times and no one would react strangely to them. For example, Kelsea was injured while riding on her horse and her guard asked her if she could make it ten more miles to the stronghold. She replied:

What sort of weak, housebound woman do you think I am, Lazarus? I’m bleeding that’s all. And I’ve never had such a fine time as on this journey.

I thought Lazarus’s question was a reasonable one. And was Kelsea being sarcastic or was she really having an exciting time because she led a sheltered life? So either Kelsea made a sarcastic and overblown comment to a genuine question or she got easily excited and spouted off her feelings at a random time. Either option is bizarre. Additionally, people would react strangely to Kelsea at completely random times and she would allow it, even though she was queen and would seemingly want to squelch that kind of behavior. It seemed like sloppy writing to me, but it is possible Johansen was just crafting characters with somewhat strange thoughts and behaviors.

The writing was not all bad. The plot of the book was entertaining, with magic and political intrigue. Also, Johansen introduced several other characters besides Kelsea and she wove all their stories together compellingly.

For fans of the fantasy genre, The Queen of the Tearling is a welcome addition. For others, there are better fantasy books out there, and better books of any genre.

4/6: worth reading

other reviews:

Fantasy Book Review
Tor.com
Wrapped Up in Books

Parable of the Sower

Parable of the Sower by Octavia E. Butler

publication date: 1993
pages: 329
ISBN: 978-0-446-67550-5

What is it about the Northwest that causes writers to craft dim and dark apocalyptic worlds? Seattlite Octavia E. Butler certainly did just that in Parable of the Sower.

Parable of the Sower presented the story of Lauren Olamina, a young girl living in the western United States in the not-so-distant future. The story began with Lauren living in a working-class gated community in the middle of an economic wasteland, where residents armed themselves against the “street poor” on their commute to work and cities were infiltrated by a new drug – called pyro – that caused the user to start fires and revel in them. The book only hinted at what caused this societal breakdown – was it climate change, income inequality, racial strife? As Lauren grew older and her life crumbled around her, she concentrated on a spiritual set of rules she was creating that she called Earthseed.

Although the plot sounds distinct and suspenseful, it was actually somewhat boring. Terrible things were happening in Lauren’s life, but Butler’s dispassionate writing style meant the whole plot seemed detached and unimportant.

Butler’s style wasn’t necessarily bad, however. The book was written in a diary format from Lauren’s point-of-view. Her unemotional style yielded several stark and impactful sentences. For example, Lauren’s diary entry from Wednesday, August 26, 2026, which contained just one sentence:

Today, my parents had to go downtown to identify the body of my brother Keith.

Additionally, although the book wasn’t necessarily interesting as I was reading it, it was thought-provoking and left me with lingering thoughts and questions. For example, Lauren’s relationship with Earthseed was provocative. Earthseed was a religion she was forming and creating and would perhaps one day be some sort of messiah for. However, she felt like she was just uncovering something that already existed. This implied creation myth imbued Lauren’s every action with a larger-than-life quality.

Butler also raised issues of labor and employment. In a world where labor vastly outweighs employment, what would happen? In Parable, the government and employers wrung as much as possible out of labor. Corporations reverted to the “company town” system, where workers lived, worked, and shopped at the company. Workers were paid in scrip that could only be spent at the company store. It sounds like a preposterous system that would never be allowed because of the human rights abuses that would easily occur. But company towns existed quite unchallenged for decades in the 19th and 20th century, a time when commentators thought of the United States as enlightened.

Butler also addressed the issue of race. Race is not a focus of Parable, but the issue is raised occasionally. I thought Butler handled it more realistically than other dystopian novels in that she did not just sweep it under the rug. Instead, some characters worked together but other characters were more aware of race and more divided by it.

4/6: worth reading

Other reviews of the book:

Badass Book Reviews
Opinions of a Wolf
The Stake

A Trove of YA Books

This winter, the place where I work held a YA reading challenge for staff. I didn’t take notes or write reviews on most of the books I read, but I thought I could include them here, ranked and broadly categorized. A few of these, I have already reviewed or will review in the future.

5/6: seek this book out

Shiver by Maggie Stiefvater – 5/6 (couple-focused, supernatural)
The Miseducation of Cameron Post by emily m. danforth – 5/6 (coming-of-age)
Kiss of Broken Glass by Madeleine Kuderick – 5/6 (poetry)
The Dream Thieves by Maggie Stiefvater – 5/6 (supernatural, action)
City of Bones by Cassandra Clare – 5/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)
City of Lost Souls by Cassandra Clare – 5/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)

4/6: worth reading

The Raven Boys by Maggie Stiefvater – 4/6 (supernatural, action)
Blue Lily, Lily Blue by Maggie Stiefvater – 4/6 (supernatural, action, couple-focused)
Partials by Dan Wells – 4/6 (dystopian, action, SF) 
Fragments by Dan Wells – 4/6 (dystopian, action, SF)
Ruins by Dan Wells – 4/6 (dystopian, action, SF)

It’s Kind of a Funny Story by Ned Vizzini – 4/6 (coming-of-age)
The Scorpio Races by Maggie Stiefvater – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)
The Red Pencil by Andrea Davis Pinkney – 4/6 (poetry, coming-of-age, graphic fiction)
Panic by Lauren Oliver – 4/6 (coming-of-age, mystery)
Parable of the Sower by Octavia Butler – 4/6 (dystopian, SF)

City of Ashes by Cassandra Clare – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)
City of Glass by Cassandra Clare – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)
City of Heavenly Fire by Cassandra Clare – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)
City of Fallen Angels by Cassandra Clare – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural, action)
Trickster edited by Matt Dembicki – 4/6 (graphic fiction)

These Broken Stars by Amie Kaufman and Meagan Spooner – 4/6 (couple-focused, action, SF)
Sinner by Maggie Stiefvater – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural)
Exquisite Captive by Heather Demetrios – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural)
This Shattered World by Amie Kaufman and Meagan Spooner – 4/6 (couple-focused, action, supernatural, SF)
The Originals by Cat Patrick – 4/6 (mystery, couple-focused)

Before I Fall by Lauren Oliver – 4/6 (coming-of-age)
Linger by Maggie Stiefvater – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural)
Forever by Maggie Stiefvater – 4/6 (couple-focused, supernatural)
Divergent by Veronica Roth – 4/6 (couple-focused, dystopian)
Legend by Marie Lu – 4/6 (dystopian, couple-focused, action)

Prodigy by Marie Lu – 4/6 (dystopian, couple-focused, action)
Champion by Marie Lu – 4/6 (dystopian, couple-focused, action)
A La Carte by Tanita S. Davis – 4/6 (coming-of-age)
Keeping the Castle by Patrice Kindl – 4/6 (comedy)
Isolation by Dan Wells – 4/6 (dystopian, action, SF)

Killer Instinct by S.E. Green – 4/6 (mystery, horror)
Catwings by Ursula K. LeGuin – 4/6 (children’s)
The Menagerie by Tui T. Sutherland and Kari H. Sutherland – 4/6 (children’s, action)
Grave Mercy by Robin LaFevers – 4/6 (supernatural, action, couple-focused)
The Night She Disappeared by April Henry – 4/6 (mystery, couple-focused)
El Deafo by Cece Bell – 4/6 (children’s, graphic fiction)

3/6: more good than bad

The End Games by T. Michael Martin – 3/6 (action, horror)
Dragon on Trial by Tui T. Sutherland and Kari H. Sutherland – 3/6 (children’s, action)

below this line, I would not recommend the book

47 by Walter Mosley – 3/6 (coming-of-age, supernatural)
Edge of Nowhere by Elizabeth George- 3/6 (mystery)
Fallen by Lauren Kate – 3/6 (couple-focused, supernatural)
The Iron King by Julie Kagawa – 3/6 (supernatural, action, couple-focused)

2/6: many problems

Infinity by Sherrilyn Kenyon – 2/6 (action, supernatural)

From the Terrace

From the Terrace by John O’Hara

pages: 897
publication date: 1958
ISBN: 978-0394425801

I’m surprised John O’Hara isn’t more well-known as an American author. He takes the epic nature of a Steinbeck novel and combines it with the sharp social observation of a Fitzgerald novel, or he did in From the Terrace, anyway.

Although the beginning of From the Terrace was slow, and there was certainly a lot of text to get through (897 pages!), it was an absorbing and rewarding read. The book presented the life of Alfred Eaton, from his birth in a small Pennsylvania town to a wealthy and indifferent father in the early 1890s, to his ascent up the New York City society ladder, and through the 1950s, when the book was published.

O’Hara wonderfully captured so many aspects of America in the first half of the twentieth century, through the experiences of Alfred. For example, after Alfred returned stateside from World War I, he had this realization:

And here [Alfred] was learning through his father and mother a great truth that would be applicable to everyone else that had not been in the war. The mud-and-bayonet men would feel it more intensely, but to some degree all men who had been in uniform, under discipline, undergoing inconvenience, hardship and pain, treated like schoolchildren even in the matter of rewards – ice cream, cigarettes, chocolate, medals, small amounts of money, vacations measured by the hour or the day – were wanting or were going to want things to be different, and the first things were their people, and the difference was they should be the same but better. And it was too much to ask.

On a more personal note, Alfred Eaton was maybe the first literary character I was in the love with. I literally fell in love with Alfred Eaton. Sure, I’ve found characters cute or funny or sexy or intriguing before, but I really feel like I left a piece of my heart in this novel. O’Hara did such an incredible job of shaping and revealing Alfred to be this hateable, likable, lovable three-dimensional person. I’m not saying Alfred was all great. He was patronizing toward women, a hothead, and was not particularly hospitable toward his family. However, he was sexy, hilarious, and, even at his worst, I wanted to find the good in him.

The book certainly had its flaws. Like many books from that period, it only included the white, upper-class, straight viewpoint. O’Hara’s treatment of women wasn’t terrible, but it wasn’t great, either. Also, as mentioned above, it is very long. Perhaps the density of the book contributed to its greatness; perhaps, however, a more adept writer could have captured the mood and characters in fewer words.

For anyone interested in American literature, this book is a must-read.

5/6: seek this book out

I could not find many reviews online, so here is the book’s goodreads page and a 1960 New York Times review of the movie adaption, which discussed parts of the book:

goodreads
New York Times

In the Land of God and Man

In the Land of God and Man: Confronting Our Sexual Culture by Silvana Paternostro

publication date: 1998
pages: 326
ISBN: 0-525-94422-2

In In the Land of God and Man, Paternostro wove memoir and investigative journalism together as she discussed the perils of machismo in the Latin culture.

I loved the tone of this book and Paternostro’s voice. She was like a best friend telling me all these secrets, not because she wanted to but because she felt like they had to be told. Paternostro didn’t flinch from describing her own experiences and her own contributions to machismo culture.  She also didn’t hesitate to explore her moral quandaries concerning her subject matter and her investigative and interviewing techniques.  Here is a deliberation she had while interviewing a poor woman in a loveless, abusive marriage who seemed resigned to her fate and didn’t care about the feminist marches and meetings going on around her:

I knew that, no, Josefa had no idea what I was talking about, and that it was naive of me to try and engage her in a feminist dialogue. Shouldn’t I stop holding her responsible? She was too busy making ends meet, supporting her husband and taking care of her children. Civil liberties and political representation were not things she had time to be concerned with. Would I, if I had to worry about my husband keeping his job, coming home drunk or not at all, crawling into my bed after having paid for sex?

Paternostro’s questions about her own methods and motivations were refreshing. There were a few times, however, when her tone became presumptuous or hypocritical. For example, even though she paid lip service to the idea that transvestites were a maligned and underrepresented group in Latin America, she generalized about them and disdained their lifestyle:

Transvestites want to be as feminine as their [hair-styling] clients. They want to be beauty queens and señoras de sociedad. The hands plucking their clients’ eyebrows and dying their hair do it so well because the owners of those hands dream of having their clients’ lives.

Another issue with the book was its organization. Although most of the information Paternostro presented was interesting, it was disjointed. She would go from transvestites to street children to a housewife with AIDS, all in a couple pages. The book also was somewhat repetitive, although that is just something I’ve come to expect from nonfiction books.

Finally, the book, which was published in 1998, was sometimes outdated. Of course, Paternostro’s personal experiences and the interviews she presented could never be considered outdated because they are and always will be the facts of someone’s life. However, some of her data was no longer accurate, especially concerning Latin American laws that support a machismo culture.

If I reviewed this book when it first came out, I would give it a 5/6 because it was enlightening and stimulating; however, because parts of it are outdated, I’m giving it a:

4/6: worth reading

other reviews:

Foreign Affairs
Publishers Weekly
L.A. Times

These Broken Stars

These Broken Stars by Amie Kaufman & Meagan Spooner

publication date: 2013
pages: 374
ISBN: 978-1-4231-7102-7

In These Broken Stars, Kaufman and Spooner craft a traditional teenage love story; however, they compose it against a detailed and futuristic SF world.

The book introduces us to Major Tarver Merendsen and society girl Lilac LaRoux. Their story begins inauspiciously, as Lilac leads Tarver on, only to mercilessly reject him. After that, neither wants to see the other again; however, life has other plans for them and, as the spaceliner they are on sustains damage, they both end up in the same escape pod.

Both the characters, Lilac and Tarver, are very strong, engaging, and interesting. When Tarver first meets Lilac, I was immediately compelled by his inner monologue:

I know [Lilac’s] playing a game with me, but I don’t know the rules, and she’s got all the cards. Still the hell with it – I just can’t find it in me to care that I’m losing. I’ll surrender right now, if she likes.

However, I didn’t find much to differentiate them from any other YA main characters.

Although the authors’ characters were run-of-the-mill, their writing was more distinctive. The style of the book had an ethereal, wondering quality. An example is this passage, where Lilac is stranded just as it starts to rain:

More rain. If there’s any more rain than this, I think, we’ll need gills. We could swim up to the sky and leave this place with no need to wait for a rescue ship.

Another unique aspect of the book was its setting. As a SF book, it was set in a future where scientific advances far exceed our current technologies. The world the authors created was detailed and realistic. Further, the science of these new technologies made sense, as long as I didn’t dwell on it. However, I thought the book borrowed too much of its concepts and vocabulary from other works, especially Joss Whedon’s Firefly.

Generally, this book was just fine and, in fact, I had a hard time putting it down. The characters were solid, the writing was striking, and the setting and plot were interesting. However, nothing seemed “fresh” enough; I felt like I’d read this book ten times before. Accordingly, I would probably only recommend this book to those who already have an affinity for YA of this type.

4/6: worth reading

other reviews:

The Midnight Garden
YA Fanatic
School Library Journal

The Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre by Hiller B. Zobel

publication date: 1970
pages (including back matter): 372
SBN: 393-05376-8

As we all learned in school, the subject of this book, the Boston Massacre, occurred when several British soldiers supposedly gunned down unsuspecting and unarmed citizens of Boston, adding another spark to the Revolutionary fire.

Zobel would disagree with that well-known, simplistic, and inaccurate telling. In The Boston Massacre, Zobel took an objective and research-based look at the years leading up to what we now call a “massacre,” the event itself, and the subsequent infamous trials against the British soldiers, who were defended by John Adams himself. Zobel’s motivation seemed to be simply illuminating the causes and effects of the Boston Massacre, both in America and abroad. Beyond that, any theme he attempted to convey revolved around the mythological significance the Boston Massacre has in our collective American history and, further, the dubiousness of that mythology considering the prolonged harassment of the British soldiers in the Colonies and the lack of solid facts surrounding what actually happened the night of the massacre. In Zobel’s own words:

[I]t seems fitting that an event so historically inevitable and yet so basically insignificant should have taken place on a moonlit night, before scores of people, without leaving any two witnesses able to give the same account of what happened.

Although I found the subject matter interesting and Zobel was clearly passionate about this aspect of American history, the book was dull. Especially tiresome was the first half, containing the years leading up to the Boston Massacre. Zobel included excessive detail, like this discussion of British troops first landing in Boston:

The sergeants, too, wore silver-laced hats and swords. Their sashes were crimson and buff or (for the Twenty-ninth) crimson and yellow; they carried long-shafted ornamental battle axes called halberds.

Do I really need all that information? Further confusing things, Zobel assumed knowledge about 1760s New England that I didn’t have. Nonetheless, I would much prefer Zobel’s zealous attention to fact and detail than read through a nonfiction book full of exaggerations, opinions, and invective. (Under the Banner of Heaven, as an example.)

This book was recommended to me as a particularly relevant historical account, considering all the gun violence on civilians recently in the news. As I was reading, I was struck by the slowness and hesitation people of that time seemed to have concerning discharging any gun, including the British soldiers who were taunted and harassed for months and then mobbed for hours the night of the massacre before firing a single shot. This is in contrast to media reports today, where George Zimmerman can legally fatally shoot a teenager without so much as a quarrel. However, was the past any different than today, considering the fact that the soldiers involved in the massacre, much like Zimmerman, were found not guilty of murder?

Whether The Boston Massacre has relevance to today, it is a useful historical account of a storied part of our history.

4/6: worth reading

I couldn’t find any lengthy reviews of this book online, but there are a few more summary reviews:

Amazon
goodreads